Since the adoption of the Amherst Home Rule Charter in 2018, local elections are held in November of odd-numbered years. The following positions are up for election:
- Town Council (13 members: 2 from each of five districts and 3 at-large), the legislative body for the Town of Amherst.
- School Committee (5 members), responsible for the operations of the public elementary schools in the Town of Amherst. Its members also serve on the Amherst-Pelham Regional School Committee, which is responsible for the operations of the regionalized secondary schools serving students from the towns of Amherst, Leverett, Pelham and Shutesbury.
- Library Board of Trustees (6 members)
- Housing Authority (3 elected members)
- Elector, Oliver Smith Will