Since the adoption of the Amherst Home Rule Charter in 2018, local elections are held in November of odd-numbered years. The following positions are up for election every two years:
- Town Council (13 members: 2 from each of five districts and 3 at-large), the legislative body for the Town of Amherst.
- School Committee (5 members), responsible for the operations of the public elementary schools in the Town of Amherst. Its members also serve on the Amherst-Pelham Regional School Committee, which is responsible for the operations of the regionalized secondary schools serving students from the towns of Amherst, Leverett, Pelham and Shutesbury.
- Library Board of Trustees (6 members)
- Housing Authority (3 elected members)
- Elector, Oliver Smith Will
Elections for state-wide office (Governor and Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of the Commonwealth, Treasurer and State Auditor) are elected to four-year terms in even-numbered, non-presidential-election years (e.g., 2014, 2018, 2022...) The eight-member Governor's Council, an advisory body on which the Lieutenant Governor also serves ex officio, is elected every two years.
The state legislature (formally known as the General Court) is composed of two houses: the Massachusetts Senate, which has 40 members, and the Massachusetts House of Representatives, which has 160 members. All members of both houses serve two-year terms.
Members of the U.S. House of Representatives face election every two years. U.S. Senators serve staggered six-year terms.
Other regional offices that may appear on the ballot in some jurisdictions in even-numbered years include District Attorney, Registrar of Deeds, County Commissioner, and Registrar of Probate.